1. Editorial: Seeing is believing
I have been witness to an act of great courage.
Yesterday I went to a concert by the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra in Birmingham's Symphony Hall. This is one of Europe's great orchestras in one of its top concert halls. The internationally renowned City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus was conducted by its chorus master, Simon Halsey, who is also Director of the Berlin Radio Choir, European Voices and is consulting Editor to Faber Music. We were treated to a world premiere of two works by Julian Anderson to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the CBSC.
This was no village hall event.
The last work was Fauré's Requiem OP. 48, which features the treble solo 'Pie Jesu'. On this occasion it was sung by Matthew Horspool.
Matthew is not yet twelve years old. He has been blind since birth.
He was led onto the stage and placed on a chair next to the rostrum. He appeared to be nervous – who wouldn't be – he kept clenching and unclenching his hands, moving his feet, and at times his cassock was trembling. But when his time came, he stood up and he sang. It was a joy to see Simon Halsey leaning over him from his slightly elevated position, gently conducting the whole orchestra to keep time with this courageous young boy. When the concert ended and it was Matthew's turn to bow, there was a great surge of applause.
As I listened, I gazed around the concert hall. This huge expanse of colour and detail laid out before me, crisp and sharp – I could see it all. No pixels of a bitmap or jpeg image, but infinite detail. I understand that 40% of the brain is devoted to sight. Not only can we see in such richness and detail but we can recall images from way back in our life. As the young would say, "How cool is that?".
We have this week in Britain been subjected to a debate about the BBC, about its public service responsibilities for truth and balance. Given the choice, I would favour balance, for even where there is accuracy there is not necessarily truth. If we are exposed to a variety of opinions and points of view, then we have the opportunity to decipher the truth for ourselves. The reason that I do not watch the television news but devour radio and print is because of the power of the picture. If there is techology to provide a dramatic picture then there is the desire to support a report with dramatic pictures. Not only may these be fleeting and unrepresentative images but they may also be created just for the media. On radio or in print there is less temptation and if the broadcaster is required by 'balance' to provide at least two perceptions, or you read several newspapers, you will get a better appreciation of reality.
They say a picture is worth a thousand words. The right picture can change the world. In a famine or war situation this can be a force for good. But beware; a simplistic summary can mislead.
I am pleased to include some contributions from our readers. Three letters stimulated by previous articles followed by a paper from India.
We have many readers in India and Avinash Kirpal has sent me a paper he prepared for the national press. Apart from the relevance to India, this is an excellence summary of the powerful contribution coaching can make to organisations, and I have included it in full. Many thanks.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Re: The Godfather
A lesson in The Godfather for me was that he was both a man of his time – financial oppression of immigrants and lack of law for the ghetto and he was pragmatic, he did what he had to do to survive and support his family. The final lesson is that he lost everything, although he lived in luxury it was like a prison, although his family survived the depression, most died senseless and violent deaths later, his beloved son turned into the last thing he wanted, another of him.
So the lesson for me is that without meaning, survival is not enough and that violence (pushing the issues) is not the answer. Think of the power of Ghandi and Mandela to shift minds and create possibility. These are my heroes, and I am sadly lacking in this, but someone said that it is not that you do not achieve your goals that is a tragedy, it is not having any goals, so I am pleased to have heroes.
For me it is an arduous and fairly achievable task to work with decent people, like yourself. The challenge is to work with the Genghis and the Godfather and the Hitler. Here is where I can make the difference profoundly, by escorting the fallen angel back to God.
Re: Pay it forward
I was interested to read about 'Pay it forward' - it goes on my list of films to see and it's always good to hear from others who believe in abundance, rather than scarcity, and be reminded of ways to share.
Along the lines of films about the consequences of helping and hindering others in life, if you've not already seen it I recommend 'Amelie'. This is a French film with English subtitles, irreverent, frequently hilarious and beautifully shot.
I really enjoy Corporate Coach, almost without fail it touches on something close to me in my work or personal life and I'm often compelled to forward issues on to others I know.
Thanks for being abundant!
Re: Perceptual positions
I have just read your article about perceptual positions. This put me in mind organisational constellations. I don't know if you have knowledge of Bert Hellinger who developed the use of constellations in family therapy and it is now seen as useful within organisations. If you want to find out more Bert Hellinger's websites are www.hellinger.co.uk and www.hellinger.com. In addition, I have a basic outline on my website www.monkswoodassociates.co.uk and have written more in my January newsletter.
2. Coaching notes: Coaching for
high flying corporates
Avinash Kirpal, International Management Institute, New Delhi
"In every field of human endeavour in which performance is
key, coaching is integral to helping shift an individual's mindset, approaches,
and behaviour to ensure more effective action and greater business success.”
National Aeronautics and Space Administration -Report. 24. Dec 2002. -E. Saxinger (NASA Work/Life Program Manager)
Many Indian corporate leaders and senior executives are aware that in these times of rapid change what is required from them has less to do with their skills in the techno-commercial strategic areas and more to do with their skills in encouraging creativity, innovation and team-building. Often corporate leaders know what needs to be done to adapt to changing business environments and this is not their main challenge. Their main challenge is to get their teams, and themselves, to do what needs to be done. This involves working on their own mindsets as well as the mindsets of their teams through leadership and motivation. Yet few have received guidance on how to improve their skills in this area.
Like other skills these too can be developed through learning. However this learning cannot be acquired from short-term training programmes or from attending lectures, or even from reading books. Studies have revealed that any benefit from this type of training does not last. It lacks follow-up, direct application and continued guidance. The learning that is required needs to be focused on specific needs, followed up over a period of time and based on actual experiences. It is a learning which perpetuates itself on feedback. It needs to be on the job and experiential. This is where corporate coaching comes into the picture.
The Public Personnel Management Association Journal (Winter 97, Vol. 26 Issue 4,) quotes a study which showed that training alone increased productivity by about 22% while training plus coaching increased productivity by 88%.
Executive coaching as a specialised discipline has been flourishing in the United States for over twenty years. “For years, CEOs of some of the most successful and largest companies have relied on executive coaches. Henry McKinnell, CEO of Pfizer, Meg Whitman, CEO of eBay, and David Pottruck, CEO of Charles Schwab & Co., are a few who rely on a trusted adviser." (The Business Journal, Nov. 2002.) Coaching is gaining popularity in the UK and other mature market economies where corporations face the full blast of international competition. Research studies in these countries show spectacular improvements in performance after executive coaching.
In India corporate leaders had been slow in taking to coaching, probably because it was (mistakenly) viewed as an admission that the management is lacking in some attributes. However it is now being appreciated that in fact coaching provides an opportunity to strengthen developmental attributes and hence performance. It is noted, for instance, that all top sports people use coaches to improve their performance, though they already perform very well. In fact where talent already exists the benefits from coaching are multiplied. With this realisation dawning in the corporate world here the use of coaching is catching on in India as well. Management training institutions and consultancy firms are now offering executive coaching. They have the expertise in different functional and behavioural areas; also through national and international networks they access the most relevant talent for the coaching exercise.
Corporate coaching, as opposed to executive coaching, is undertaken within the context of the mission and goals of the corporation, though it works through individuals. It involves one-to-one coaching of executives over an extended period. By working within an organisation and with individuals (or teams) corporate coaching creates the synergy required for improving performance; through leveraging strengths and strengthening weaknesses.
The coaching is done by trained and experienced experts who have intimate knowledge of business and appropriate skills in communication and understanding. The coach is a trusted, impartial and confidential friend as well as a sounding board. High personal and professional ethical standards are expected from the coach. The coach understands the business world and the needs of the corporation as well as the psychological, sociological, political and cultural needs of the individuals comprising the corporation. The coach asks pointed questions, challenges opinions and gives honest feedback on sensitive issues, which executives may be unwilling to discuss with colleagues.
A recent publication by McKinsey & Company consultants, published by the Harvard Business School, based upon five years of in-depth research and analysis, including case studies from 27 leading companies and surveys from 3,000 executives, concludes that “the vehicle for propelling a talented person to greater heights and greater performance, in much less time, is coaching – which enables people to stretch and grow in ways that hold them to the company.”
Coaching is most effective if it starts at senior levels in the corporate hierarchy because it then acts where it can generate change in mind-sets and influence behaviour throughout the corporation – leaders do often serve as role models for subordinates. The coaching is directed toward improving performance and effectiveness through introducing new mindsets and bringing about behavioral change.
The methods adopted for coaching are customised and tailor-made to suit the specific requirements of the client. So there is no generic method which will work in all cases. However there is an approach which would apply to most cases. This approach involves the following steps:
Coaches have tools for their work in both functional and behavioral applications. In the functional areas these deal with the mindsets required to promote profitability, quality, sales, productivity, etc and in the behavioral areas they deal with the mindsets required to promote innovation, creativity, leadership, working relationships, team spirit and organisational commitment. These tools assist in providing knowledge, building skills and, to some extent, in changing attitudes.
To determine the current inventory of relevant knowledge, skills and aptitudes certain profiling methods are used. For example, some of these profiling methods check how executives would act, or react, in various circumstances, how they perceive their own and other’s attributes, which types get on better with other types, the different styles adopted in risk-taking and decision-making, as well as effectiveness in delivering and using feedback. These profiles, together with information from the company’s executive performance evaluation reviews, provide the platform from which development is expected. This platform would later be used for monitoring and evaluating the contribution of the coaching exercise to improving performance.
The one-to-one discussions may, or may not, be structured. A number of proven and validated models are used in these discussions. A popular model often used by coaches is the GROW model involving Goal setting, Reality checking, Options analysis and Willingness to action. Other models are available for various circumstances.
An interesting outcome of a successful corporate coaching exercise is that the coach eventually becomes superfluous. A successful coaching programme should turn managers into coaches so that the whole organisation gets a learning orientation. The corporation’s HRD department takes on the role of encouraging the transition to make bosses take to coaching. And the external coach succeeds by becoming redundant.
The cost of a corporate coaching programme varies with what is required to be done. The cost is generally indicated after the initial three rounds of discussions mentioned above. It will generally be found that the expense is recouped in a fairly short period. The expenditure on a corporate coaching exercise will result in a better return on investment then many of the other developmental programmes of the corporation.
According to an article in Asia News, Alastair Robertson, partner of Accenture – the worldwide leadership development consultancy firm – says “employers are shocked at how high their ROI numbers are for coaching”. He recalls a large employer in the hospitality industry saved between $30 million and $60 million by coaching its top 200 executives.
Apart from the benefits of coaching to the corporation as a whole, individual executives derive substantial benefit. The coaching process enables executives to reorient their perspectives and become more aware of their own potential as well as the potential of others and encourages them to realise this potential. It creates an understanding of hidden motivations and needs as well as of conscious and unconscious barriers to achievement. It enables executives to handle the giving and receiving of feedback. It enables them to manage conflict, reduce personal stress and improve time management. They then focus energies on things that are significant. All this leads to a more meaningful, successful and happier working life.
More intensive use of coaching is bound to improve the performance of Indian corporates and their competitiveness in global markets; high-flying Indian and multinational corporates are already showing the way.
The author is Advisor: SME Development Programs at the International
Management Institute, New Delhi.
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